Drug dependency and addiction is often seen as taboo. Most YA books won’t simply address meth addiction in such a straightforward manner. Specifics and/or graphic details are NOT generally commonplace. Crank, by Ellen Hopkins tells the story of a teenage crystal meth addict. It is raw and honest and filled with desperation. It is often challenged for its inclusion of drugs, offensive language and sexually explicit content; this character, and others in like-minded books, are self-destructive, lack self-worth, sometimes prostituting themselves for the drug, and in the case of Crank, is also raped. This, and other novels like it, are important. Teens and adults alike can learn from stories of this magnitude. Media of all kinds enable the reader/viewer to understand perspective that they wouldn’t ordinarily be in contact with. Teens should not be underestimated in their quest for understanding.
Ellen Hopkins, Crank, New York : Simon Pulse, 2004. 978-1442471818
Told with frankness, Crank is a brutal portrayal of teenage addiction. The story begins with the “good, sensible girl going to stay with her father during a court appointed summer visit. Her father is a drug addict, and soon, so is she. She falls in love with a drug user, in big part due to her own feelings of inadequacy. She often writes of her imperfection and worthlessness. The main character is the storyteller; I really felt like she was someone I may have known in my teen years. Before Kristina was Bree, she was a somewhat average, overachiever. As her alter ego emerges, she seems more confident and strong, but in a crazy, believable narrative, the vulnerability leads to drug use. This brave and bold Bree let’s herself do self-destructive things with no regard to her well being. The meth is the boss and she becomes a drug addict, an abuser, a victim, a liar, a thief, raped, pregnant and strung out. And each moment is told in shocking detail. The story is told through a series of poems which flows easily with each painstaking detail. The story is let open ended, questioning whether the main character can stay clean or not
Nick Sheff, Tweak: Growing Up on Methamphetamines. Atheneum Books for Young Readers; Reprint edition (January 6, 2009). 978-1416972198
Tweak is an amazing tale of the author’s meth addiction. I was surprised at how the writing style was so open, honest and straightforward considering it was a memoir. It was heart-wrenching as well as eye-opening. We follow along with him in his stealing, being deceitful, and his never ending need for more drugs, he prostitutes himself, and breaks my heart when he takes money from his little brother’s piggy bank. But I also learn about his relationships, love, and his belief in a higher power. I think the story is relatable because everyone feels those sorts of insecurities and experiences their own trials of life. He always felt he would be able to quit. We learn at the start of the story that he has relapsed after being 18 months sober. Through it all, it is a harrowing story of ups and downs, 12 steps and successes and failures. But I sort of always wanted to believe in him, even when I was hating him.
Anonymous, Go Ask Alice. Simon Pulse; Reprint edition (January 1, 2006). 978-1416914631
Go Ask Alice is a classic. I remember reading it as an 8th grader and it blew me away! It scared me pretty good too, she was totally relatable. It is the story of a teenage drug addict who eventually dies from her habit by novels end. It is told in diary form and in great detail, exemplifies the drug life. Alice spells out her feelings, all her hopes, concerns and fears and it is directly correlated with her use of narcotics. It is intense and sort of acts as an advisory. The title is one of the most frequently challenged books for the last several decades because of its profanity and explicit sex and rape scenes as well as drugs depictions. It’s a timeless story, from 1971, but is still so current. It’s an international bestseller and I imagine there isn’t anyone who doesn’t know about this book. Controversy emerged about the author, and/or the fact that it may not be a true story; but it my opinion, it is still a must read, whatever the origin.
John Green, Looking for Alaska. Dutton Books (March 3, 2005). 978-0525475064
Looking for Alaska is a bit different because we’re being told of the addiction from the observer’s point of view. Also, the tale of addiction is not even close to being deeply detailed as the others, but I still wanted to include this because addiction comes in many shapes and sizes. Our protagonist in the story is Miles, he is in love with (or at least in lust) Alaska Young, a girl he’s just met at his new boarding school. Though she sort of flirts with him and has taken particular interest, she keeps their relationship platonic. Alaska is wild and free and mysterious. While we find out that she feels responsible for her mother’s death that occurred when she was very young, we never do actually know much detail about her personally other than that she is reckless and apparently an alcoholic. Miles (Pudge) takes on, as his responsibility, her well being and throughout the entire novel, tries to save her. I always got the feeling she was abusing more than just alcohol, regardless, it was no secret that she intended to be free, and in her thoughts, the realities of life were holding her back. I enjoyed the labyrinth references and the last quotes. It dealt a lot with the characters perception of expectations and realities.
Ellen Hopkins, Fallout. Margaret K. McElderry Books (September 14, 2010). 978-1442471801
In Fallout, we meet the children of Kristina (Bree) from Crank. The story is of their lives and how the addiction of their mother shape and continues to disrupt their lives. Fallout is the last book in the the trilogy. In this conclusion, the author is trying to show how a young adult’s actions are not only directly effecting themselves but also her family in the future. The novel is centered basically on the three oldest of her children, Hunter, Autumn, and Summer. The two youngest Donald and David are not as visibly depicted as the narrative is about the three older teens and their journey to adulthood. This one takes a whole new look at Kristina, through the eyes of her children. Even though she is hardly in here, the reader knows the havoc it has caused and the damage to the maturing identity of her children. Drugs, rape, abuse, a predisposition for addiction, the feelings of abandonment; these themes are all explored. These themes, unforgettable scenarios, will leave an indelible impression; one will never want to be in any of the portrayed situations. And I believe that’s just what the author intended.
Jacqueline Woodson, Beneath a Meth Moon. Speak : New York (February 7, 2013). 978-0142423929
This story really stressed the fact that addiction results from other problems. The main character is a happy, popular cheerleader when her world crumbles. I was caught up in the references to Hurricane Katrina, which is how she lost her mother, grandmother and home. I felt for her hopelessness and her desire to feel better at any cost. And although this story is told as very dark, since it is written inside the mind of the main character in consciousness of before and after, it does not have so much violently disturbing plot twists as some of the more explicit novels. The author also eloquently includes an in depth portrayal of homelessness and of how society treats those that are homeless. Her words of desperation really stayed with me even after I finished reading.
Brent Lewiki, Crystal Meth Addiction: An Essential Guide to Understanding Meth Addiction and Helping a Crystal Meth Addict Before It’s Too Late. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform (April 6, 2015). 978-1532752926
This reads more of an instructional manual. The author provides a good overview of the addict themselves and the addition. Also, how to recognize the drug itself. It would be very helpful to understand the mind and thought processes of a meth addict. Detailing the warning signs, symptoms and successful treatment methods. Providing a non-judgmental account of some things that may be a precursor to addiction, and the best way to help a user in different scenarios, even in case of overdose. Very straight forward account. I liked how it was stressed that knowledge and continuing education is the best way to try to combat the abuse of methamphetamine.
Steven J. Lee, Overcoming Crystal Meth Addiction: An Essential Guide to Getting Clean. Da Capo Press (September 4, 2006). 978-1569243138
The author is a psychiatrist who specializes in crystal meth addiction, and uses an extensive body of work consisting of both scientific and social research. The book covers the history of the drug and the disease, describes in detail the devastation it causes, and provides information about how not only the addict, but also their loved ones, are effected. This book also reads like an instructional manual. The book describes different types of meth and different types of addicts. The author uses a lot of evidence based data to back up what is being said. There is illustrations of chemical compounds and in depth descriptions of how the drug is effecting different parts of the body. I liked that it was scientific and yet didn’t have a “one size fits all” kind of solution, and gave different, personalized scenarios. Without c, this reads like a guide book to understanding, confronting and recovering from addiction.
Video and Film Media:
PBS Frontline: The Meth Epidemic
[Arlington, VA] : Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), 2011.
Eye opening and extremely informative account of the meth epidemic. It is approximately an hour long, investigative report which includes examining existing laws, actual police reports and information on abusers (booking photos) and state statistics. They’ve centered this project in Oregon, due to it’s having the highest usage. They discuss different ways that dealers create the drug (meth cooks), the dangers of producing it, the evolution of it, the ups and owns of usage and how it is correlated to the pharmaceutical companies. But mostly, the documentary focuses on the destruction of meth use, on people (especially kids), on communities, the impact on crime, and tries to act as a warning to the rest of the United States. Very critical of the DEA, and the money makers. Every one who wants to know about “super-smurfing” or “shake’n’bake” should watch this. I believe everyone should watch this.
Christiane F – Wir Kinder vom Bahnhof Zoo (english subbed)
Chatsworth, CA : Image Entertainment, [©2001]
This film was adapted from the book of the same name. It is about the teenage heroin scene but specifically, about Christiane, the young addict who is just 14 years old. It is explicit and haunting and dark. I really enjoyed the music, the soundtrack is by David Bowie who I have always admired. Besides that, I found the subtitles were a little distracting so I preferred the action with music as the backdrop. The imagery accompaniment was perfect. It really disturbed me to see such YOUNG, barely teenagers in this story. The main character began abusing at age 12. Set in West Berlin, it chronicles, through Christiane’s eyes, every disgusting toilet, every gross action in her prostituting herself for drug money, every moment of panic, terror and sheer desperation. Vivid scenes of death, needles, vomiting and prostitution were shocking and compelling, and so very genuine in the telling of this teens true life story.
Some articles about the book and it’s impact:
Time: Texas: If You Can’t Ban Books, Ban Authors
A small town in Houston, which yearly hosts a successful, popular children’s’ and teens’ literature festival canceled the event and it all began because of content. It was due to a group of parents, a school superintendent and librarian who, after they were informed that Hopkins would be speaking, sparked a series events that not only banned her book, but banned her personally, altogether. Because she had spoken locally and her literatue is available in the community libraries, she was surprised. She reached out to one of the other authors scheduled to appear and one thing led to another, and many of them withdrew in solidarity of the cause. “We must maintain a unified voice against the idea that one person, or even a few, has the right to decide for everyone else what they are allowed to read, or what information they can have access to.” Several national organizations came to her defense including the National Coalition Against Censorship, the Society of Children’s Book Writers and Illustrators and the National Council of Teachers of English who all wrote letters of protest.
Banned Books Week 2010: An Anti-Censorship Manifesto
In her own words, Ellen Hopkins speaks about her books and her manifesto against censorship, especially as it pertains to teen reading. It is in direct response to the situation detailed in the previous article. The author begins describing an occurrence that happened at a speaking engagement, about how a woman stayed after and explained how the novel “Crank” saved her life, and then states that this isn’t an isolated incident. She describes her work as “tough subject matter – addiction, abuse, thoughts of suicide, teen prostitution”. In the article, she describes instances of censorship, particularly with TeenLit Festivals. She encourages young adults and society at large to fight against censorship. The end of the piece includes her “Manifesto”.
Publishers Weekly: Children’s Bookshelf Talks with Ellen Hopkins
A dialogue interview between Kate Pavao and Ellen Hopkins, wherein they discuss how she began writing, her motivation behind Crank, and thoughts about her new book, Glass and how she feels it may have a third book (we know now that it does). Discussed are things like what made the author actually write it all down, how she goes about conronting such tough, intense subject areas, how she hopes readers will be informed and connected, and get behind great causes it their own lives, and how she hopes that they’ll know that they are not alone in the world. She discusses her writing style and her hopes for the future of her writing.
The Guardian: Banned Books Week adopts author’s anti-censorship poem as manifesto
There is a danger in extreme right-wing power. Hopkins says that her “books speak to hard subject matter. Addiction. Cutting. Thoughts of suicide. Abuse. Sexual abuse. All these issues affect children. Look at the statistics. Closing your eyes won’t make these things go away.” Discussed here are other books that have been consistently challenged and/or banned and it’s dangers. Ellen Hopkins believes everyone should be able to be informed “arm them with knowledge”. Defending the right to read opens up channels that enable discussions about important topics.
Publishers Weekly Childrens’ Starred Review 2014